My main focus on this assignment is talking about how we depict manual labor, and how our perceptions of it lead to unjust treatment of people that do manual labor. Specifically, in latin America. I want to show how the upper classes tend to mistreat and take advantage of people who do manual labor based on what we think of them. Also, I want to talk about how these perceptions can be changed. I plan to give the example of Anielka, a woman who used to be the housekeeper of my house when I was younger. She was too smart to be housekeeper but did not have resources to do anything else, so my father sent her to high school to complete it, and now she is starting university.
“Barriers to performance can be established by individuals, thus providing “external” attributions for failure, referred to as self-handicapping, which enables individuals to blame the barriers for the under-performance, rather than deficits in motivation or talent.”
Flanagan, J., & Green, R. (2011). STEREOTYPE THREAT IN MANUAL LABOR SETTINGS FOR HISPANIC AND CAUCASIAN PARTICIPANTS. Journal Of Organizational Culture, Communications & Conflict, 15(2), 111-132.
Often colloquially referred to as nannies, maids, and housekeepers—or in Spanish as muchachas, nanas, and empleadas—domestic workers come from poorer backgrounds and work in wealthier households. Often also from ethnic or visible minorities, they make up over 15 percent of the economically active female population in Latin America, or twelve million in absolute numbers, and their services enable the well-off to work outside the home and to engage in leisure-time activities that they consider more desirable than household work and the daily routine of child care.
This dynamic is a by-product of highly unequal societies, which produce a demand for the outsourcing of domestic activities as well as a ready supply of inexpensive labor. Driven not only by class-based views but also by views of the appropriate status for what is traditionally considered “women’s work,” the state has—in Latin America as well as much of the rest of the world—mandated longer work hours and lower benefits for this sector, basically ensuring that the servant is always available, outside of sleep, to serve her employers. This has, in effect, subsidized a cheap labor force for higher-income families.
Blofield, M. (2012). Care Work and Class : Domestic Workers’ Struggle for Equal Rights in Latin America. University Park, Pa: Penn State University Press.