March 9th

When it comes to Wikipedia it can be hard to know what is credible and what is not credible. I tend to find that a lot of the basic information on Wikipedia is credible. If you are researching a topic and you have not heard of the topic, a wiki search would allow for you to grasp a basic understanding of the topics before you go further into detail. I think a lot of the people that contribute to Wikipedia articles do their best to present factual information, but anyone can change the information on Wikipedia which is why it can be hard to rely on. The pros of using Wikipedia is that it is a very accessible website, and if you find incorrect information you can always change it. There are also forums for each wiki page which allow for the discussion of the credibility of the article where the sources are usually listed. If you want to take the time to cross reference every detail on a wiki article than Wikipedia is a good resource to use. Other academic resources are more credible but usually less accessible. The main advantage that Wikipedia has over other academic sources is that it is free to access, while it may not always be credible there are ways to check the credibility and use it like an academic source.

February 28th 2018

Amanda, Midori and Margarite

What is a Food Desert?

A food desert is typically a neighborhood or community that lacks access — usually due to far distances — to markets or grocery stores containing nutritious food.

How do food deserts affect health?

In an article titled, “The Socio-Economic Significance of Food Deserts” the author explains the correlation between food deserts, health issues like diabetes, and the socio-economic aspect in regards to those who generally live in food desert areas. The author states that “In 2004, 2.4 million households were located in food deserts”. The high amount of households that are subject to living in areas without easy access to healthy food options illustrate that this issue affects a large amount of America’s population. Generally in these areas substitutes for the lack of fresh healthy food tend to be unhealthy options like fast food (The Socio-Economic Significance). Additionally, this article brings up the issue related to a rise in obesity and diabetes rates due to food desert areas. In areas where the number of food deserts was low, the cases of diabetes were significantly lower than those in areas with high amounts of food deserts (The Socio-Economic Significance ).

The Socio-Economic Significance of Food Deserts. (2011, June 29). Retrieved February 28,

2018, from

What is the effect of implementing a new supermarket in a food desert?

Daniel Monroe Sullivan did a study through Portland State University about the effects of adding a grocery store to a food desert. He did his research on a neighborhood in Portland and wanted to see whether or not racial identity affected how often a person would visit the new supermarket in a food desert. After his research, he found that Whites (non-latinos) and people with a college education were more likely to go to the supermarket. He also found that non-whites were more likely to have lived in the neighborhood longer. His research suggests that when it comes to Food deserts, white people are more likely to live close to a supermarket and look for better alternatives to fast food. Based on the results of his research Sullivan suggests, “My findings also contribute to the retail gentrification literature by showing that the racial differences are not limited to stores selling non-essential goods. but also include those that sell basic goods. Some American scholars help explain these racial boundaries by arguing that alternative food practices in the U.S. are dominated by whites, associated with whiteness, and are perpetuated by white privilege”. This is correlated with a persons social class because the White people that live in this neighborhood most likely moved to the neighborhood due to gentrification. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is more accessible to people who do not rely on food stamps, and can afford to make weekly trips to the grocery stores.

Sullivan, D. M. (2014). “From food desert to food mirage: Race, social class, and food shopping in a gentrifying neighborhood” Advances in Applied Sociology, 4(01), 30. Retrieved from

Who can afford to shop at Supermarkets?

Food is a way to relieve stress and sets aside time for us to take a moment throughout the busy day and relax. Yet, this stress-free way of eating is not always accessible as so many individuals are forced to rely on junk food in order to sustain life and prevent starvation. Although it is very common for individuals who are living in poverty to consume junk food versus nutritious food, being healthy comes with a cost. This is portrayed in the article What Food Says About Class in America written by Christopher Anderson, as he discusses the rise in supermarket foods from 2004 to 2008. He states: “While food prices overall rose about 25 percent, the most nutritious foods … rose 29 percent, while the least nutritious foods … rose just 16 percent” (Anderson). It is not that these individuals are unaware of what foods they need in order to sustain a healthy lifestyle, but rather the fact that there are very little means of affording the luxury of having access to healthy fruits and vegetables.  

Anderson, C. (2010) “What Food Says About Class in America” Newsweek. Retrieved from


February 26th

Food and Social Class

In my family, we tend to make at least 3 different salads for a meal. This comes from my Chilean side of the family because they have easy access to fresh fruits and vegetables so it is easy for them to make different salads. Not only that but it also helps to balance out the meals so you’re not eating too much protein. It is also very common in Chile to “tomar once” which is basically our version of tea time. There is always fresh bread from the Pandaria and it is usually paired with butter or jam. Avocado is prevalent in Chile and usually pretty cheap so they will be found in almost every meal. Avocado is referred to as “the poor man’s butter” due to its prevalence. The other norms of eating in Chile are that you have a small breakfast, usually tea and bread. Almuerzo or lunch is the big meal, where you invite your cousins and other family members to come over and eat. Dinner is not a huge thing in Chile, but in my family Dinner tends to be the bigger meal rather than lunch because it is the time when the whole family is able to eat together. It is very important to eat at least one meal with your family because it allows for your family to connect and share the interesting things that happen, and just be able to enjoy people’s presence. I think this norm of eating with family allows for the social norm of the importance of family in my culture. Family is a top priority, whether it is starting a family or visiting your family, it is very important to maintain good healthy relationships with your family. I think this is a good social norm to have because broken families can leave children lost and broken and confuse them to do bad things.

February 21st

In Class Blog Writing:

A lot of times when I first meet someone they assume that they already know my history based on my appearance. A lot of times people assume that I am just another ignorant white girl, but that’s before they get to know me. After meeting so many people, they end up realizing that I may be white, but that does not mean I agree with the systemic oppression our society has forced upon people of color for years. I may be white, but that doesn’t mean that I don’t have my own culture, that I have my own identity. A lot of times people try to fit me in with the stereotypical “white person” who just wants to thrive in a capitalistic society. It is unfair that people try to base their opinion on me based off how I look, but I can’t hold it against them. I understand I don’t look like your typical Latina, and that we have to change the idea of what it is to be Latina. People have tried to tell me that my name is not pronounced correctly, and when I try to explain that it’s the Spanish pronunciation of the name they tend to shut me down and say my name wrong.

Aside from a cultural point of view, people make a lot of assumptions about me because I am a woman. People have said to me “You don’t look like you play video games”,  when I’ve been a gamer for at least the past 10 years of my life. This is an assumption that I find really limiting because it promotes the stereotype that only guys play video games intensely. My brother is the person who got me into video games and yet 10 years later I am still gaming and he has stopped. I find that because I am a woman people tend to assume I am weak, I remember working in the main office of my high school during my senior year, whenever the water bubbler was empty the secretary would tell me and the two other girls who worked with me to not change it because “the boys” were coming in next period so they could change it. I find a lot of times people try to assume that I am in shape because I am skinny. Most of the assumptions about me are wrong.

These assumptions are very limiting because they promote stereotypes and allow for them to thrive. Instead of fighting the stereotypes a lot of times people just give into them. And even though these conclusions about me limit who I am as a person to others, It does not bother me because I know who I am and that is the only thing that matters to me. People can make their assumptions about me based off how I look or where I am from or how I talk, but I know that at the end of the day most of the assumptions are just wrong. But I know that as long as I know who I am, and my friends support me, I am going to be fine.

February 14th

Audio essay rough draft

February 9th

Free Write

Being biracial is hard, and its hard to explain for people to understand unless they are biracial. My mom was born in the United States, but my dad was born in Chile. Ever since I was a little girl I’ve always had this internal battle within myself where I look like my mom but I’m more culturally in touch with my dad. People always label me as just “White”, and it’s true, I am white. But what people can’t tell by looking at me is that I’m actually a White Latina. There was a good portion of my life where I would try to deny being white because I hated the assumption that I was just white and that there was nothing more to me. I would go out of my way in school to make sure that people would know that I am a Latina. But more recently I have begun to realize that while I am a Latina, I am white. I had to learn how to accept my mother’s side of the family because when I denied being white, I was denying my mother. Most people have the classic assumption that mixed kids are light skin and “ethnic looking”, but looking at me you would assume I am just a white girl. When you’re biracial, you have to learn to overcome different obstacles. It takes a while to learn how to love yourself and both sides of your family. I can’t remember how many times I wished I was just Latina, or just White. You have this internal battle within yourself that you can’t really describe because it feels like no one understands you. I’m “too white” for Latinas, but I’m too “ethnic” for whites. I don’t fit into just one group so I have to seek out my own group. But over the past few years, I have begun to love and accept my biracial background.




-Parents backgrounds; where my parents are from, how they met

-Growing up as biracial; parents didn’t teach me Spanish when I was growing up, felt a huge cultural disconnect

-Denial;  did not want to be seen as “white”, wanted to be able to connect to my Latina side.

-Internal Battle; hatred towards myself for not knowing Spanish, hatred towards my parents for not teaching it to me, felt like something was missing, I was Hispanic, but I couldn’t be apart of the Hispanics.

-Acceptance; realized that both sides of my background are important, coming to accept that I am biracial.

-Growth; loving myself, loving my parents, loving my culture

February 7th

Audio Essay Expectations

This assignment requires a different type of writing style. This will require me to be open and honest about my life and my family. I will have to be able to include appropriate background noise, whether it be music or other sounds, it has to be able to flow with what i’m saying, and not distract the audience from what I am saying. I already know that it is going to be hard to talk about my culture and being biracial because it’s something that you don’t really understand unless you are biracial. I am becoming more and more comfortable with sharing personal stories, so I should be able to be fine for this assignment.


Summary of Amber’s response

In Amber’s response, she discussed the issue of police brutality in the United States. She talked about how a lot of people in the US believe that racism is over, yet there are still black people who have to watch what they say around white people or the police. If a person of color has a hood on and is walking at night, it doesn’t matter if they’re carrying an Arizona and a bag of skittles or if they’re carrying a weapon, they are automatically viewed as a “threat” or as “suspicious” simply because of the color of their skin. Her main point is that while the civil rights movement and abolishment changed some things, it didn’t change the stigma that racists already believe. There are still white people who are afraid of people of color. There are still police who will harass someone if they’re skin retains even the slightest melanin. The United States is a racist country, and while a lot has changed in the past 100 years, things are still bad and that is what people aren’t realizing.


Amanda Leyton-Nolan, Cooper Lenhard, Katie Werner


  • Opinions are based on where we grew up
  • We agree that the United States does not want to accept diversity which can drive people from the same cultural backgrounds to stick together
  • Working class Americans show a lot of the reason by racial prejudice by complaining about the government compensating people for being poor
  • The United States claims to care about diversity and want to celebrate but overall it’s a discussion that people avoid having and it makes them uncomfortable
  • Cooper and I both grew up in very diverse cities
  • Cooper and Katie experienced a lot of homogenous activity


  • I grew up in a city where a lot of neighborhoods are very diverse, but Katie and Cooper grew up where neighborhoods were more homogenous
  • I grew up in a city where people are proud of their cultural heritage and want to show it off and celebrate it, while Katie and Cooper grew up in a city where people were less proud of their cultural heritage
  • Katie grew up surrounded by a mostly white population

January 26th

Meaning of Name assignment:

My name is Amanda Victoria, and my parents gave me that name because in Spanish it means loving and victorious. I’ve always been embarrassed by name because it is not pronounced how you think it should be pronounced. My name is a Spanish name, so the second “a” is a long “a” instead of the short “a” you hear in English. This has always confused people because they think that I am just white, but I am not just white. I am a white Latina. I’ve always dreaded the first day of classes because I knew the teacher would say it wrong and then I always have to correct them. I hated my name for a long time because of it, but I never liked the English version of my name so I just dealt with it. I’ve always considered going by my middle name rather than my first name, partly because I’ve always loved the name Victoria, but mostly because I hate having to explain my name to every person I meet. But over the years I have grown fond of my name. When my name is said correctly it is beautiful and I love it, but usually, the only people who pronounce it right are the people whos first language is Spanish. I remember very specifically the first day of junior year. I was taking biology 2, and I remember the teacher said my name as it is written, and of course, I corrected her. But instead of her trying to pronounce it correctly, she told me that that wasn’t how my name was pronounced and that it was written as ‘Amanda’ so she was going to call me ‘Amanda’. While at first it was a real shock, I’ve come to realize that if people continuously pronounce my name wrong, it just means they don’t care about me enough to take the time to say it right.

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