April 30th, 2018

Flanagan and Green (2011) state that “Stereotype threat, primarily studied in academia with test performance, aptitude, ability, and intelligence, impacts performance and causes both behavioral and cognitive decrements.”

Flanagan and Green (2011) state that “Stereotype threat in academic settings has been shown to cause both behavioral and cognitive decrements, and it was theorized that stereotype threat would cause performance decrements for the Hispanics, more so than Caucasians.”


Flanagan, J. (2011, November 2). STEREOTYPE THREAT IN MANUAL LABOR SETTINGS FOR HISPANIC AND CAUCASIAN PARTICIPANTS. Retrieved from http://0 eds.a.ebscohost.com.ignacio.usfca.edu/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=1a508163-a9c1-44a2-a2ca-03f3d79403cf@sessionmgr4008

April 27th, 2018

Free Writing:

There are many stereotypes when talking about manual labor/white-collar work, not all having good connotations. Many people believe that manual labor/white collar work is easy and does not require a lot of intelligence. People think it is work done by those who are “not capable of having real jobs”. this is very false, because these jobs can be and are very challenging for a lot of people. Plus, without these workers, who else would do the work that needs to be done? I do not think that these workers and this type of work should be given these attitudes, for it is hard, respectable work. Some of these people are working insane hours under horrible conditions where they are simply viewed at as a soldier who is solely there to work and nothing else. There is a bias towards those who work white-collar jobs, and I think that this is very wrong. These jobs require a lot of time, effort, and one should not be judged for working types of jobs like these, but rather respected.

There is a bias towards those who work white-collar jobs, and I think that this is very wrong. I encounter this in my everyday life. Many people who I know have a bias judgment towards jobs that require manual labor. White collar jobs, although typically simple, should be jobs that are just as respected as jobs that pay large amounts of money, because although these people are not getting paid as much, they are still working tremendously hard.

April 25th, 2018

When I was a kid, my dad would always do manual labor with me, whether that had been washing his car, watering plants, moving boxes, or working in the garden. I enjoyed the time I was spending with my dad, but to be completely frank, I did not enjoy doing this work, for it was very physically and psychologically demanding. This has helped me understand the relationship between work and social class because I was doing things that I never want to be doing ever again in my life. The work that I was doing was not even nearly as bad as some of the jobs we have read about, where these people will work hours and hours on end while constantly being yelled at and ridiculed. To each his or her own, but I know for a fact that that is not what I personally would like to do with my life. Working for long hours under rough conditions is something that will take a toll on both your mental and physical well being.

April 4th

Leo Leng

Costa Aguirre

Nate Centeno


-Good use of visuals/camera work

-Great use of background music

-Smooth speaking pace

-Perfect volume usage

-Strong Video Editing

-The video evokes strong emotion

-Captivating storyline

-Believable acting

-Strong Organization

March 28th

Maddy Martin

Costa Aguirre

Rosie Palmisano



The number of schools on the list varies greatly from state to state because each state has its own assessments and sets the difficulty levels on them. Michigan had the most schools labeled failing, 1513, or 40 percent of all its schools, while Arkansas and Wyoming had none. Yet, Michigan performs above average on the National Assessment of Educational Progress, while Arkansas is near the bottom.

In many states, schools in large cities with substantial portions of poor and minority students make up most of the state list. For example, 179 of Illinois’ 232 “failing” schools are in Chicago. Of the 179, all but one are predominantly minority; and at every one, 75% or more of the students receive free or reduced lunch.

In June, Connecticut became the first state to alter its performance labels in response to ESEA. Previously, only the top group of scorers was deemed to have met the state’s goals; now students in the top two categories are “proficient,” a labeling that matches the federal requirement that proficient be the next to the top category. Under Connecticut’s previous policy, 75% of schools would soon be deemed “failing”; under the new policy, 80% of the students are already “proficient.”




  • Successful and competitive
  • Their faculty is a big part of what makes them great
  • Getting ahead of science and technology
  • Diversity
  • Passionate teachers
  • Clubs to be apart of
  • Lower standard level for state
  • Could have a system that is less geared towards exams and more toward local, performance-based assessments

After reflecting upon my high school experience, I believe that the status of my high school is very high. It was smaller so the students got more attention and help where needed, there were good resources in every classroom, there were a lot of clubs to join, we had advanced technology, and it was a college preparatory school. Every teacher also offered tutoring on certain days of the week. The only thing that was not good about the school was that it was not very diverse, which made the experience less fun and I did not get to learn about other cultures through meeting different people.

March 26th

Class, culture, and race have affected my individual learning in many different ways. Growing up, I was never the richest kid in my class, nor was I the poorest. My parents always had to look for the best school that was in our budget and affordable for our family. I could never go on extravagant trips and vacations, but education was something that my parents always took very seriously, and they ultimately invested a lot of money into. Culture also affected my individual learning because it provided me a path to follow. The culture that my family has is very special. All of our members are very family-oriented, loyal, and truthful. This helped shape me into the person that I am today. Lastly, race is something that has affected my individual learning, but not in the same way as others. I have learned through being Mexican and interacting with other people that race does not matter at all. As long as you are a good person, that is all that matters, and one should not be judged by the color of their skin.

March 9th

The topic that I chose to do Wikipedia research on is the United States pro-choice movement. This is a very controversial topic in the United States and all across the globe. As I was reading the information, I thought that it all looked reliable, but as I thought about it, Wikipedia is not an entirely reliable source. It has many different authors, some being unreliable people. Anyone can basically say whatever they want; therefore, some of the information is bias and/or false. Some of the pros of Wikipedia are that a lot of the information is reliable and is very easy to read, for it is all categorized neatly. The main con is that not all of the information is reliable, so you never really know what is right and what is wrong. Those who use Wikipedia are essentially taking a risk, for the information given could be very wrong.

March 5th

After doing research, university ranking is based on graduation and retention rates, undergraduate academic reputation, faculty resources, student selectivity, financial resources, graduation rate, and alumni giving rate. Therefore, you do not have to go to a ranked school to get a quality education. These rankings are based on some things that do not necessarily matter, like graduation rate. A lot of times, that is strictly on the student and not the school. I also learned that less advantaged communities have harder times getting a good education, and I feel that this is wrong. Very commonly, families choose schools that fit their budget, and not the best school that they can get into. Therefore, people with less money tend to go to worse schools, when in reality it should be those with the best grades going to the best schools. Poor communities also tend to have less educational resources, therefore making their schools worse. Economic standing makes a big difference with college, and this is not right.


Morse, Robert (September 11, 2017). How U.S. News Calculated the 2018 Best Colleges List. Retrieved from https://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/how-us-news-calculated-the-rankings

February 26th

I am of Mexican descent; therefore, the foods that are common in my family in particular are tamales and tacos. Every Christmas, it is a tradition that we make tamales as a family and eat them on Christmas Eve. This is a tradition that we have had in our family for nearly fifty years. These Mexican foods are representative of cultural status because these foods are both foods that are very easily accessible in Mexico. This is due to the fact that the ingredients are easily accessible as well.

Foods and eating habits contribute to social norms and identities in a sense that they bring certain cultures together. Those in the same culture tend to eat the same food, giving them a sense of identify with each other. Food is a big part of culture, for it is a reflection of where you are from. I feel connected to people who come from similar culture. On the contrary, other cultures really interest me, too. Food can truly bring people together.