Overall for my speech two, I thought I did a decent job. I was overall satisfy with the performance I had, but immediately knew I could’ve done a few simple things to make it stand out even more. I was overall satisfied with my delivery and tone, however with my transitions and presenting evidence I could’ve made it even better by mentioning other key points with my time. I felt that, I prepared very well and performed for the most part with my practice. However, my performance was not up to par with my last practice going into it. Going first, I feel like I had a nice momentum with me which helped a lot. However, I wish I could’ve utilized more actions and gestures across the “stage” to improve my presence. With the time being so short to present,  could’ve done better with the information given by creating more dense slides and presenting off of them giving better information.

Moving forward, I hope to improve on my motions across the stage as I feel like I lacked on that in this presentation. In addition to that, I would like to engage the class more by having a more loud present tone. Last but not least, keep reducing amount of information on slides and talk on them rather than read off. Using slides as a reference, but not the main thing in my presentation.



Intro remarks:

As you guys know, last time I was up here I talked a little bit about bike culture in the beautiful city of SF and my hometown. However, today I will be talking about more of the benefits of cycling. There are numerous benefits of the cycling, but the 3 that stood out to me and the 3 that I will talk about today are the health benefits of cycling, environmental benefits of cycling as well as the economic benefits of cycling.

So with that said, here we go.

Number 1, health benefits, as you guys may know and as some people mentioned in their last presentations, cycling is good for the health.Cycling is easy on the joints, cycling builds muscle and can help you maintain  a healthy weight. By keeping you physically fit, cycling already reduces your chances for diseases, even mental health diseases such as anxiety and depression. In addition that it can improve your heart and balance/coordination. Here below we have a little graphic on some of the health benefits I discussed.

Beyond health, cycling has other benefits to you, besides for your body and muscles. That leads me into my next point which are some of the environmental benefits of cycling

So environmental benefits of cycling. How does bicycle commuting contribute to a clean environment? number 1 cycling uses know fuel, obviously. number 2 bicycles take less energy than cars, in general and even to make. number 3 cycling does has any toxic parts, such as batteries, fuses, engines, motors, etc. With that said, lets take a look at this study by bike org. So for a 10 mile commute 5 days a week for a year, these are the amount of pollution being emitted by cars. so for a small car .7 Tons of CO2, for midsize car 1.3 Tons and for a SUV 1.9 Tons. And those are just for single cars. imagine multiplying these numbers by the amount of cars in the city, let alone the world. That’s TONS of emissions being let out. & the crazy thing is that is just from gas alone. imagine the pollution it takes to make a car that a whole other monster. So go out and get a bike and save the world.

So IF those aren’t enough benefits of riding a bike, here is another one.which brings me to my last topic Economic Benefits of cycling.

So how does cycling better the economy?

1) people who ride bikes buy bikes, so automatically that is helping out people of the bike shops manufactures for bike parts such as helmets, seats, handles, etc. 2) People who ride bikes buy other things too. put local business in a better spot to have more foot traffic and consumption. talk about SF Valencia statistics. 3)People who ride bikes on vacation buy food, have travel costs, and pay for lodging. Increasing bike culture and infrastructure can lead to tourism which can lead to revenue within a city. in Québec, Canada has seen a measurable impact of bicycle tourism on its economy. cycling led to a Province-wide spending by bicyclists totaled $166 million, Generated sales over $181 million, supporting 2,800 jobs and generating $17.2 million in tax revenues for Québec and $13.6 million in national taxes.

So you might be wondering, how might this be able to happen?

  1. With the money saved from lower travel costs, people who ride bikes have more of their money to spend on local businesses.
  2. Developers,cities, and individuals can save money on parking costs by providing space-efficient,low-cost bike parking instead of expensive car parking.

In short, all that spending means jobs–and tax revenue– for communities. But people who ride bikes also save money.

With that said, It’s pretty safe to say, that we all need to start riding a bike, to not only benefit our health, but to benefit the environment as well as the economy.






For my S2(using Evidence module) , I wanted to talk about some of my favorite and what I think are the most important benefits of bicycling.

THEME: Benefits of cycling ( 3 main benefits: Health, Environmental and Economic)

Reason why I chose this topic:

  • very many benefits of riding bicycles
  • aware class that bikes are a good thing especially for a city like this
  • inform people, how much bikes benefit the world we live in and our environment.
  1. Health Benefits
    1. introduce some of benefits related to the muscle
    2. with that, go into how by riding bikes and being physically fit you can reduce numerous amounts of diseases, put up graphic on benefits, perhaps a stat of two if needed
  2. Environmental Benefits
    1. lead into my next topic of environmental benefits
    2. list reasons as to why bicycle is better for the environment
    3. show study on bike org about the amount of emission is released by cars yearly. talk about those numbers and aware class of this horrible thing cars do for the world.
  3. Economic Benefits
    1.  give some key points as to why cycling is better for the economy
    2. after listing second point about the local businesses talk about an example in our very own sf
    3. talk about other points
    4. list example with data and statisitics
    5. call to action – GO RIDE BIKES TODAY
    6. closing remarks


My first bike that I received was actually a second hand red cannondale mountain bike given to me by my aunt. She received the bike from a good friend and then passed it down to me when she simply stop riding bikes due to her busy work-oriented lifestyle. I remember when I first got the bike, it would be a struggle getting on it as it was a bit too tall for my short middle school self. I started riding the bike in middle school when I was old enough to go out on my own. This bike holds a lot of memories as I remember cruising around my neighborhood with near by friends in the afternoons after school. I would ride this bike to go to the store, to go to my friends house nearby, even to the nearby ice cream shop. Although I had a mountain bike, which was really heavy and hard to use, it was the only bike I had at the time so I made it work. I remember the feeling I would get after riding this cannondale, being young and free and feeling the wind on your face when you peddle faster, it was a great feeling, gave me a sense of freedom and independence. My favorite memory with this bike was simply just riding around my neighborhood with the sun setting cruising around with my old pals. I am sad to say that this bike is no longer mines as later on it had many problems and my parents threw it away without my knowledge.

Using Evidence

  1. The first video on “Why We Shouldn’t Bike with a Helmet.”  , by Mikael Colville-Andersen, Colville-Andersen is a designer and urban planning consultant. Andersen first use of evidence was comparing the most livable cities in the US to bicycles. He showed us the best cities and then highlighted top 12 which all had a high level of bicycle traffic in their cities. With that said he transitions his next piece of evidence, or expert testimony from a Norwegian philosopher. His next pieces of evidence were more of examples that in reality we are all risks and at any given time some freak incident could happens and living in fear is lucrative and only helps business. In short, he had many types of evidence and made use of significant stats and expert testimonies to help his claim.
  2. The second video on “The Importance of Bike Helmets.” by Fred Rivara, a physician and Professor in Seattle, took a different approach on his claim. Being a physician and professor he his. He looked a the medical side of things. Black and white, using many statistics, and studies regarding brain damage, the downsides of bicycling (injuries,hospitalizations, deaths). After showing the dangers of death he then shwoed more statisitics of the positives of riding bikes which proved that helmets worked. Showed high percentages of injuries prevented by helmets of the face, brain, or head.

Both videos showed different uses of evidence and were both effective and tailored to their respective claims.



Hi everyone, my name is ejay farrales and as you may know or not know I am from San Francisco, California and today I will be talking to you guys about bike culture in the great city and my hometown San Francisco. The reason why I wanted to talk about this with you guys, is being in a first year seminar that involves bicycles, I wanted to give you give you information about the city and its bike culture.

With that said, I will be talking to you guys about 3 main things. number 1, what bikes are best suitable for the city. number 2, some information about the SF Bike Coalition (in which all of us signed up for temporary memberships not too long ago) and their strategic plan through 2017. and number 3, just some random things you should know about biking in the city as we are getting closer to the point in which we will start going on expeditions.

SO here it goes

My first point, what Bikes are best suitable for the city?

SO if you’re Commuting around the city during the week; doing longer road rides on the weekends: If you’re going to mix in some longer rides, it’s worth investing in a good road bike.  (go up hills, absorb vibrations

Mostly just for going around town on short-ish rides or for commuting:  Since you’re not going to be riding long distances, I’d optimize for a bike that can handle the annoyingly bumpy streets.  For this, I’d recommend a steel frame bike and a hybrid bike tire; Steel will absorb the vibrations from the road really well while the hybrid tire is wider than a road tire so you’ll feel a bit more in control.  I wouldn’t do a mountain bike as those tend to be super heavy and will not be any fun when climbing hills.

lastly, if you’re just planing on riding around the mission or Haight street for a couple of hours I’d recommend a fixie bike (or single gear) bike.


SHOW MAP, so here we have the green lines which represent the multi use and all purpose roads, so on these paths you can run on them, bike, scooter, bike, walk a dog, etc. on the purple lines, there are bike lanes as well however, these lanes are shared with roads and cars.

SO the next thing I will be talking about is the SF Bike Coalition and their goal

Their goal thru 2017 is to half at least half of San Francisco Biking and a quarter to be biking frequently, or regularly. In order to try to achieve this, there was four focus points. First focus point was to EXPAND AND CONNECT OVER 50 MILES OF BIKEWAYS, NEIGHBORHOOD GREENWAYS AND OTHER CONNECTIONS THROUGHOUT SAN FRANCISCO, TOWARD MAKING THEM ATTRACTIVE AND COMFORTABLE TO PEOPLE OF ALL AGES, FROM AN 8-YEAR-OLD TO AN 80-YEAR-OLD. Second Focus point was CATALYZE SAN FRANCISCANS TO TRY BIKING MORE OFTEN. By doing this they would close down streets on the weekends for families to bike and really push a bike to work day and bike to school day, among other things. The 3rd focus point was to INTEGRATE BIKING INTO MORE SAN FRANCISCANS’ LIFESTYLES TO MAKE IT AS EASY AND COMPELLING AS POSSIBLE FOR PEOPLE TO BIKE MORE OFTEN. (pause and show stats) and finally their last goal was to INCREASE SAFETY OF BICYCLING ON SAN FRANCISCO’S STREETS BY WORKING WITH STREET USERS MOST LIKELY TO CREATE SAFETY ISSUES.

FINALLY, I will be talking about were just 10 things all san francisco bikers should know. As you guys know, we will all soon start going on expeditions soon in this class. So these are some tips you guys can take away when we do start going on these expeditions.


  • Biking is the best way to get around San Francisco.. its true, there is simply too many people and not nearly enough parking spots. I drive and it is terrible, parking is terrible traffic is terrible and the time to commute from one place to another is about the same amount of time you would take to park a car. Biking is easy and convenient, of course if it is not raining.


  • The Wiggle is your best friend. This is very true, for those who do not know the wiggle. The wiggle is a bike route in SF (SHOW MAP) that gets you across the city to downtown thru golden gate park and around masonic. This bike path is one of the most effective bikes path and most used in SF.
  • Know the rules of the road. (self explanatory)
  • Get a good lock. (very true, like mentioned bike theft is huge in the city, so get a good lock and done
  • The best routes that aren’t the Wiggle: (map out the best routes for you, be prepared and map it out, it will help make your journey easy and enjoyable)
  • How to take your bike on transit.
  • Ride across the Golden Gate Bridge, at least once. (this I strongly recommend especially those not from the bay area, the golden gate bridge is a landmark and on a nice day beautiful for bike rides as well as the beautiful view on the other side)
  • Car-free places to practice riding: (refer to map)
  • You don’t have to wear anything special to bike.
  • San Francisco bike riders aren’t all the same.





Overall for the first presentation, I think I did a better good job, well executed, but average with lots of room for improvement. I feel like I did not miss anything regarding content and my presentation was very similar to my practice trials, so I was very pleased with that. Regarding the my delivery of the presentation, I feel like I had a pretty good delivery. I felt like my projection was well and compared to previous presentations my delivery of words were not shaky with minimal stumbles. In addition, I felt like I was talking in a calm manner, not rushing, showing a good amount of confidence in what I am talking about and controlling the presentation in that sense. Learning about confidence in this module along with some other tips and key points in a good public speaker really helped me. From my presentations last semester, compared to the first one of this semester I feel have gotten a big boost of improvement. Instilling confidence in myself and being confident helped my presentation. Being up in front of people with confidence vs being up in front of people with less confidence makes a huge difference, as time seems to be going slower and I am able to have more control and be confident, but calm with what I was presenting.

I was very encouraged that I was able to incorporate things that I have learned and showcase a lot of things in which I wanted, I was happy in all the information I was able to convey as well.

Moving forward, I hope to improve on many aspects of my presentation, by adding more things of a good speaker to my future presentations. I also hope to continue my progression with public speaking by continuing to practice and take tips and characteristics of a good speak and instill that in myself.








  1. A presentation based on your own personal interests, values, or community. Whatever your interests, there’s a way to find out about the bicycle connection. Go to the main page of Fusion and search for your interest + bicycle. (Obviously, YouTube is also a great place to search but I want you to get to know the library site—it’s my job.


1) Reasons why I chose this topic

-being from san francisco this excites me and sparks my curiosity to learn more about the city

-to prepare for future expeditions or self expeditions

-being in this class, i thought this was a great way to kind of introduce this class and san francisco and the richness of biking in san francisco

-learning more about the bike coalition and what we signed up for

-give background info on biking in the city, preparing our fellow classmates for bike rides,etc


2) Which type of bikes are best suitable for the city



-Overall goal and focus points of bike plan for 2017

About how many people bike to work, how many people bike to school

On average how many people have their bicycles and use the paths

Where in sf is it friendly to bike, etc.


With 12,000 + members, the SF Bicycle Coalition is the largest city-based bicycle advocacy group in the nation and one of the largest membership-based groups in San Francisco.


  • What about your home state or home town? What do people there think about bikes? Does your community have a bicycle plan? Mine does—and I was pretty surprised to learn about it!

4) 10 things YOU MUST know about San Francisco and Biking