Yifu Wu, Kexin Zhang, Xinglin Xu
As one of the well-developed countries in the world, the United States has less amount of immigrants in the nation compared to before. According to the report from the United Nations, the number of refugees admitted to the United States is on pace to be the lowest since the advent of modern US refugee policies in 1980. This increase the difficulty for refugees to resettle in the United States.
The majority of admitted refugees in the United States are mainly from Africa and East/South Asia in 2015. Most of them have to leave their own countries and come to the U.S. because of persecution based on religion, race, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Until now, the U.S. has accepted more than three million refugees from all over the world since 1975, and half of them have built new lives for their families in all 50 states. However, there are still challenges for them to face to adjust in the U.S. beside political issue. The biggest problem for those refugees is communicating with other native speakers since most of them can’t speak English fluently with a relatively low educational level. In order to improve their English level, the U.S. government offers free ESL courses for them. Therefore, they need to find a balance between jobs and caring for kids and learning English.
The next biggest problem is that it is very difficult for them to find a stable job to afford the cost of living since their poor English skill and lack of enough work experience. Beside that, refugees are easy victims for discrimination and exploitation in the workplace. Some employers recognize the sense of urgency and desperation among these groups to keep their jobs, so they will have them take the less desirable and even dangerous roles.