Carson Falls

Date: 4/12/2018

Location: Carson Falls Trail, Bolinas, CA

Coordination: 37°58’35.5″N, -122°38’45.6″W

Elevation: 1060 feet

 

Directions: 

Site description:

Carson Falls is located in Bolinas, CA and is the perfect place for peaceful hiking and sightseeing. There is a variety of habitats in this site including  Chaparral, serpentine. This site includes a beautiful waterfall, which is about 40 feet. Due to the recent rain, this site was also very muddy and the cold weather affected blossom timeline of some plants. This site offers many trails for hiking and taking beautiful pictures. The  plant communities offer varied habitats for living creatures found in this sire. This site is home to high proportions of native plant species including lots of larkspurs( Delphinium) and phacelia (Boraginaceae).

 

Species description:

 

Family: Montiaceae
Common name: Little spring beauty
Species: Claytonia exigua

 

Overall plant and its habitat: fleshy annual herb with a  stems up to about 15 centimeters tall.

Leaves:  thick leaves are linear in shape, hairless and waxy.

Flowers:  five lobed petals each a few millimeters long and in shades of pink, white, or pink-streaked white.

This plant was found in the middle section of our hike.

 

 

Family: Ruscaceae
Common name: Starry False Lily of the Valley
Species: Maianthemum stellatum

 

Overall plant and its habitat: woodland herbaceous perennial plant

Leaves: parallel venation and elliptic shape

Flowers : 6 petals and has a raceme inflorescence

This plant was seen in the middle section of our hike.

 

 

Family: Convolvulaceae
Common name: Smooth Western Morning Glory
Species: Calystegia purpurata

Overall plant and its habitat: perennial herb growing from a woody caudex and grows up to 70 centimeters.

Leaves:  leaves are up to 5 centimeters long and generally triangular in shape.

Flowers: 5 centimeters wide, in color white, pink, purple, or white or cream with purple stripes.

This flower was found in the earlier section of the hike.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1 pm on Thursday 4/12. The weather was chilly but got sunny later that day. It took us around 1 hours to get to Carson Falls. This site was surrounded by gorgeous views and we were able to see many species of plants and review some we had seen before. We stopped to take pictures when we got to the beautiful fall and got to enjoy the view but the hike was a little intense because of the uphill and slippery downhill trails. Overall, we were able to enjoy this hike and learn about more species of plants.

Edgewood Park

Edgewood Park

Date: 4/5/2018

Location: Redwood City, California

Coordination: 37.4732° N, 122.2782° W

Elevation: 225-820 feet

Directions: 

Site description:

Edgewood Park is located in Redwood City, CA. and is 467 acres of woodlands and grasslands, which is wonderful for hiking and sightseeing. There is a variety of habitats in this site including Wetland, Grassland, Oak Woodland, and Chaparral plant communities offer varied habitats for living creatures found in the park. The central portion of the park is dominated by a prominent ridge about 800 feet in elevation, affording outstanding views of Skyline Ridge. This site is home to high proportions of native plant species including rare and locally endemic species.

 

Species description:

 

Family: Saxifragaceae
Common name: Common woodland star
Species: Lithophragma affine

Overall plant and its habitat: perennial herb, native to the coast of western North America and grows on mountain slopes, hills, and canyonsides.

Leaves: leaves are located on the lower part of the stem, each divided into sharp-pointed lobes, green and simple.

Flowers: red or green sepals, The five petals are bright white, up to 1.3 centimeters long, and divided into three toothlike lobes at the tips.

This plant was found in the early section of our hike.

 

Family: Ranunculaceae
Common name: Columbine
Species: Aquilegia formosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overall plant and its habitat: grows to 20–80 cm in height, perennial herb that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.

Leaves: generally simple to deeply 3-lobed

Flowers : 5 cm long and red and yellow in color with red sepals and yellow petals, edible, with a sweet taste but the seeds are fatal.

This plant was seen in the early section of our hike.

 

 

Family: Liliaceae
Common name: checker lily
Species: Fritillaria affinis

Overall plant and its habitat: Large bulb scales 2–5, small 2–20, habitat includes oak or pine scrub or open woods and thickets near the coast.

Leaves: whorls of 2–8 and alternate

Flowers: 1–4 cm, yellowish or greenish brown with a lot of yellow mottling to purplish black with little mottling, or yellow-green mottled with purple.

This flower was found in the earlier section of the hike.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1 pm on Thursday 4/5. The weather was sunny and nice. It took us around 30 minutes to get to Redwood city. This site was surrounded by gorgeous views and we were able to see many species of plants since there was an abundance of flowering plants in this location. We also got the chance to see many of the plants we had seen before and review them. There was an abundance of species at this site and we saw around 40 species of plants. Overall, the hike was not too intense and the views were enjoyable.

 

 

San Bruno

Date: 3/22

Location: San Bruno, California

Coordination: 37.6969° N, 122.4338° W

Elevation: 1,319′

Directions: 

Site description:

San Bruno Mountain State Park is a state park in northern San Mateo County, CA. It is next  to the southern boundary of San Francisco and borders the cities of Brisbane, south San Francisco and Daly city. The park is dominated by San Bruno Mountain, which is a 4-mile ridge. The park offers a diverse habitat for various species of rare and endangered plants. This park is surrounded by beautiful views of San Francisco and offers a place for different activities such as hiking, biking and horseback riding. The main habitat in this site coastal shrub but are good examples of coastal strand, oak woodland, chaparral, and riparian habitats as well. The dominant plant species in this site include : Coast Rock Cress, Montara Manzanita, Pacifica Manzanita, San Bruno Mountain, Franciscan Wallflower, San Francisco Owl’s Clover, San Francisco Campion.

 

Species description:

 

Family: Brassicaceae
Common name: sweet alyssum
Species: Lobularia maritima

Overall plant and its habitat: annual plant, growing to 5–30 cm, It is common on sandy beaches and dunes, but can also grow on cultivated fields

Leaves: The leaves are 1–4 mm long, alternate, hairy, oval to lanceolate, with an entire margin.

Flowers: The flowers are about 5 millimetres in diameter, sweet-smelling, it has four white rounded petals (or pink, rose-red, violet) and four sepals,  six stamens with yellow anthers

This plant was found in the early section of our hike.

 

Family: Brassicaceae
Common name: Franciscan wallflower
Species: Erysimum franciscanum

Overall plant and its habitat: endemic to Northern California, biennial or short-lived perennial, flourish on a range of soils including serpentine

Leaves: long, thin, green

Flowers : cream-colored to yellow, four sepals and four petals,

This plant was seen in the early section of our hike.

 

Family: OROBANCHACEAE
Common name: Wight’s paintbrush
Species: Castilleja wightii

 Overall plant and its habitat: native perennial species, found on brushy slopes throughout the dunes, 30–80 cm,

Leaves: 20–60 mm, generally crowded, lanceolate to ovate

Flowers: lobes acute or rounded; corolla 20–30 mm, yellow, prominent

This flower was found in the earlier section of the hike.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1 pm on Thursday 3/22. The weather was sunny but it was windy and cold. It took us around 30 minutes to get to San Bruno. This site was surrounded by gorgeous views and we were able to see many species of plants since there was an abundance of flowering plants in this location. After our hiking, we stopped on our way and got In-N-Out Burger before going back. Overall, the hike as enjoyable and easy and we got to learn about a variety of plant species.

 

Additional Species seen: 

Family: Ericaceae
Common name: kinnikinnick
Species: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

 

Family: Apiaceae
Common name: yellow mats
Species: Sanicula arctopoides

 

 

 

Mt. Tamalpais

Date: 3/8

Location: Marin County, California

Coordination: 37.9235° N, 122.5965° W

Elevation: 2,572′

Directions: 

Site description:

Mount Tamalpais  offers  hiking, picnicking and wildlife scenery along the Mount Tamalpais  Railway. This area is surrounded by breathtaking views of fog and clouds. The panorama from Mount Tamalpais is  2,571-foot peak and includes the Farallon Islands 25 miles out to sea, the Marin County hills, San Francisco Bay, the East Bay, and Mount Diablo. There are a variety of habitats in this site including redwood forests, oak woodlands, open grasslands, and sturdy chaparrals. The diversity of microclimates in this site causes various plant species to thrive, including  various types of hardwood and wetlands vegetation. The most abundant species seen in this site include Coast Live Oak, California bay, and madrone.

 

Species Description: 

Family: Pinaceae
Common Name: Douglas fir
Species: Pseudotsuga menziesii

Overall plant and its habitat: evergreen conifer species native to western North America, between 20–100 metres (70–330 ft) tall

Leaves: The leaves are flat, soft, linear, 2–4 centimeters long, occurring singly rather than in fascicles

Cones: The female cones are pendulous, with persistent scales unlike true firs

This plant was found in the early section of our hike.

 

 

Family: Apiaceae
Common Name: Turkey pea
Species: Sanicula tuberosa

Overall plant and its habitat: prennial herb, around 80 centimeters long

Leaves: compound, divided into usually three leaflets which are smooth or deeply cut into lobes

Flowers and inflorescence: The inflorescence  is made up of one or more heads of bisexual and male flowers with tiny, curving, yellow petals

Stem: slender

This plant was seen in the early section of our hike and is usually found in many types of habitat, including chaparrals, forests, and woodlands.

 

 

Family: Orchidaceae
Common Name: Fairy slipper
Species: Calypso bulbosa

 

 Overall plant and its habitat:  perennial, 10 to 14 cm in height, widely distributes, endangered in some states

Leaves: dark green, oval leaf measuring up to 3.5 centimetres long

Flowers:  small pink, accented with a white lip, darker purple spotting

Stem: dainty and purple stem

This flower was found in the middle section of Mount Tamalpais and is usually found in Redwood Forest, Mixed Evergreen Forest, Yellow Pine Forest, wetland-riparian.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1 pm on Thursday 3/8. The weather was moderate and sunny. It took us around 45 minutes to get to Mount Tamalpais. We stopped on our way to enjoy the gorgeous views and took a class picture. Hiking in Mount Tamalpais was challenging because of the steep and rocky  hills. Once we got to the top we were able to see more species. Many of the species we saw, were also present in our previous hiking trips and it was a good way to remember them. Overall, the hike was exciting since we got to enjoy the beautiful views and take pictures.

 

Additional Species seen: 

 

Family: Ericaceae
Common Name:Mount Tamalpais Manzanita
Species: Arctostaphylos montana

 

Family: Rhamnaceae
Common Name: Musk brush
Species: Ceanothus jepsonii

San Pedro County Park

Date: 3/1

Location: Pacifica, CA

Coordination:  37.5779° N, 122.4757° W

Elevation: 940 feet

 

Site description:

San Pedro Valley Park offers 1,150 acres of coastal mountain environment for a variety of activities. This site is popular for its gorgeous views of Pacific Ocean and the coastline and offers views of seasonal waterfalls. The coastline location and the hiking trails of this park also makes it a popular destination for retreat during the summer. There are a variety of habitats in this site including grasslands,coastal scrub Eucalyptus Forests and Chaparrals, which allows various species to thrive in this environment. The most abundant species in this site include common plants such as Coast and Giant Trillium, Creek Dogwood, Arroyo Willow, Watercress, several species of ferns and Montara Manzanita.

Species Description: 

Family: Salicaceae
Common Name: arroyo willow
Species: Salix lasiolepis

Overall plant and its habitat: Lives near the trees, has catkins, deciduous, large shrub, grows to 33 feet

Leaves: green, between  3.5–12.5 cm long and broadly lanceolate in shape

Flowers:  yellow catkins and grow between 1.5–7 cm

This plant was found in the early section of our hike and usually grows in wetlands and valleys.

 

 

Family: Grossulariaceae
Common name: flowering currant
Species: Ribes sanguineum

Overall plant and its habitat:  Native to California, deciduous shrub,  growing to 2 m

Leaves:  2–7 cm long and broad, palmately lobed, with five lobes

Flowers:  dangling racemes, 3–7 cm long , 5–30 flowers; each flower is 5–10 mm in diameter, with five red or pink petals

Bark: dark brownish-grey with prominent paler brown lenticels

Fruit: dark purple oval berry

This plant was seen in the early section of our hike.

 

 

Family: Ericaceae
Common name: Brittle Leaf Manzanita
Species: Arctostaphylos crustacea

 

 Overall plant and its habitat:  perennial evergreen shrub, 3-4′ in heigh

Leaves: entire margin, simple

Flowers:  bell shaped, bright little pink flowers

Stem: reddish and  hairy

This flower was found in the middle section of San Pedro County Park and usually grows in the regions that lack alkaline soil.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1pm on Thursday (3/1). The weather was cold and with occasional showers. The drive to Pacifica was beautiful and took around 40 minutes. San Pedro Park was very peaceful and green and we were able to observe a variety of plants. There was a broad range in size of these plants and the park was dominated by many Eucalyptus tees. Throughout our hike, we encountered many sites warning us about the presence of coyotes, however we did not see one. Before we leave, it started raining heavily and by the time we made it to the car, everyone was wet. Overall, this park was beautiful and had gorgeous scenery.

 

Additional Species seen:

 

Family: Adoxaceae
Common name: blue or red elderberry
Species: Sambucus spp.

 

Family: Melanthiaceae
Common name: giant wakerobin
Species: Trillium chloropetalum

 

Extra Credit:

family: Asparagaceae
Common name: Soloman’s plume
Species: Maianthemum racemosum

 

 

Field Trip 3 (Mount Burdell)

 

 

Date: 2/22

Location: Novato, CA

Coordination:  38.1394° N, 122.5931° W, Elevation: 1,558 feet

 

Site description:

Burdell Mountain rises 1,558 feet from the Novato Valley floor on the northeast corner of Marin County. The main habitat of this site includes serpentine slopes, which  are covered with rolling grasslands and groves of live oak, bay laurel and buckeye. There are two main parks around this area: Two major parks reside on Burdell Mountain: Olompali State Historic Park occupies 700 acres on the northeast face, while Mount Burdell Open Space Preserve occupies 1,600 acres on the southwest slope. There are a variety of species in Mount Burdell, however this area is dominated by California poppy and California buttercup.

Species Description: 

 

Family: Ranunculaceae
Common Name: Califonia buttercup
Species: Ranunculus californicus

Overall plant and its habitat: Native to California and seen in a variety of habitats mainly Chaparral and woodlands. Its distribution extends across many habitats of California, north into Oregon and south into Baja California. Grows up to 70 centimeters.

Leaves: Highly dissected

Flowers:  The bright yellow and roughly 1–2 centimeters

Stem: long petiole, long and green

This plant was found in the early section of our hike and they were also seen later on in other parts of mount Burdell.

 

 

Family: Phrymaceae
Common Name: Purple mouse ears
Plant Species: Mimulus douglasii

Overall plant and its habitat:  Native to California, annual herb, also found in Western North America. Grows to uptown 4 inches

Leaves: ovate and whorled

Flowers:  Micky Moused shaped sepals, pink color with a darker section

Stem: erect and long

This plant was seen near the soils at a variety of places.

 

 

Family: Melanthiaceae
Common Name: Meadow deathcamus
Plant Species: Toxicoscordion fremontii

 

Overall plant and its habitat:  found on grassy or woody slopes, or rocky outcrops, in many lower-lying regions of California, southwestern Oregon, and northern Baja, California. Its diameter is between 20–35 mm.

Leaves: long and grow at the base of the plant

Flowers:  Bisexual, White sepals with a yellow center

Stem: erect

This flower was found in the middle section of Mount Burdell.

 

Narrative:

We left USF around 1pm on Thursday (2/22). The weather was cold and rainy but it got sunny toward the end of the trip. The drive to Mount Burdell was beautiful and we were able to enjoy the scenery of Golden Gate bridge. Mount Burdell had a variety of plants. The majority of these plants were small in size, however there were also many oak trees present. There were also many cows at this site and on our way back, one of them got out of control and started jumping up and down. Overall, this experience was enjoyable and we got the chance to earn an extra credit point by locating Mouse-eared Mimulus.

 

Presidio( Field Journal 2)

IMG_1854-qs0xc7

Date: 2/15

Location: Presidio, San Francisco

Coordination: 37.7989° N, 122.4662° W

Approx. Elevation: 243 feet

Site description:

The Presidio is a 1,500-acre park on a former military post, is a major outdoor recreation hub. It has forested areas, miles of trails and a golf course. This site has beautiful scenery and you can see Marshall’s Beach during the hike. The habitat  for this site is an open habitat and for this reason, many wildlife corridors are created in this site. Presidio  is home to a high density of rare and endangered species, in spring and summer the more dominant species are wildflowers.

Species Description: 

 

Family: Oxalidaceae
Genus: Oxalis
Species: Oxalis pes-caprae

Overall plant and its habitat: bulbous perennial, the plant was not too tall and was around 0.2 m.

Leaves: clover like leaf shape, leaflets usually fused below

Flowers:  generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, free or fused at base; 5 anthers, sepals have a tiny organ dot and are radially symmetric, ovary is superior.

Stem: The stems is erect.

This plant was seen in the early section of Presidio.

 


Family: Papaveraceae
Genus: Eschscholzia
Species: Eschscholzia californica

Overall plant and its habitat: It is a perennial  or annual plant that grows  13-152 tall.This plant is native to the United States and Mexico.

Leaves: highly dissected leaves, not compound,  flower color ranges through yellow

Flowers:  contain many stamens, usually 4 petals and 2 sepals.

Stem: erect

This plant was seen in the early section of Presidio.

 

Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Erigeron
Plant name: Erigeron glaucus

Overall plant and its habitat: This is a perennial  daisy reaching heights between 5 and 30 centimeters. This plant is native to California.

Leaves: spade shape

Flowers:  the centers of the flower contain golden yellow disc florets and the edges are fringed with ray florets which may be long or quite short, 10-100 little flowers, inflorescence of many flowers, Their shades are deep blue and purple to lavender to nearly white.

Stem: The stem is erect and hairy.

This plant was seen in the midsection of Presidio.

 

Narrative:

We went to Presidio on 2/15 and got there around 2:45 pm. The scenery was beautiful and we first stopped at the immigrant view to look at the beautiful scenery of Marshall’s beach.  The weather was sunny and there was no wind. We hiked all the way to the top and stopped occasionally to look at views of Golden Gate bridge. We saw a variety of plants at different altitudes, while hiking. I took pictures of these species and uploaded some of them in this blog. Overall, this experience was very informative and enjoyable because of the gorgeous views. We left Presidio around 4 and got back to school at 4:15. Below, there is a video of the view we saw at the immigrant point.

IMG_1847-xwxqeb

 

Additional species seen : 

Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: Salix lasiolepis

 

Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rubus
Species: Rubus ursinus

 

Family: Brassicaceae
Genus: Arabis
Species: Arabis blepharophylla

 

 

 

San Francisco Botanical Garden ( Field Journal 1)

 

Date: 2/20/18

Location: San Francisco Botanical Garden

Geographic Information:

Coordination: 37° 46′ 5.75″ N, 122° 28′ 11.9″ W

Site description:

San Francisco Botanical Garden is located in the San Francisco’s Golden Gate park. This site is 55 acres and includes over 50,000 plants, representing over 8000 species from around the world. The general habitat for this site mainly consists of landscaped gardens and open spaces. There is an abundance of the flower and plants from Central America, South America and Southeast Asia in this site. The dominant species include:Magnolia species, high elevation palms, and cloud forest species. San Francisco Botanical Garden provides visitors with a place, where they can learn more about nature, plants and the environment, while being able to enjoy the amazing scenery.

Species description and digital collection: 

 

Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Rhododendron
Common name: Rhododendron macabeanum

Overall plant and its habitat: These plants grow in clusters and are seen on a shruby tree, which are about 5 feet tall.

Leaves: Simple, alternate, leathery and thick. Margin is entire, the apex is round and the leaves are about 30 cm long and 15-20 cm wide.

Flowers: Grow in dense clusters (umble) of 30 or more, calyx rim-like, corolla (petals) sulfur or dark yellow about 8 cm long and 5 cm wide, 8-lobed, 16 stamens, style glabrous with a large crimson or pink stigma.

This plant was found in the middle section of the Botanical Garden.

 

 

Family: Amaryllidaceae
Genus: Narcissus
Common name: trumpet daffodil (King Alfred)

Overall plant and its habitat: perennial and herbaceous, around 22 inches tall, with flowers being around 4 inches across, generally from bulb

Leaves: several basal  leaves which are linear and are long and narrow and the leaf color is light green to blue-green.

Flowers:  generally fragrant; perianth parts fused below, reflexed to erect above, crown a conspicuous tube; stamens are free generally included in crown; style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed.

Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, papery to leathery.

Seed: many, black.

Stem: The stems erect, generally cylindric and solid.

This plant was represented in multiple sections of the Botanical Garden and was seen near the entrance part as well as midsection of this site.

 

 

Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Aeonium
Species name: aeonium arboreum

Overall plant and its habitat: succulent, subtropical, subshrub, clumps up to 3 feet (90 cm)

Leaves: rosettes near stem tips, leaves alternate, generally obovate to oblanceolate

Flowers:  Flower: erect, calyx, corolla not circumscissile in fruit; sepals [6]7–11[16]; stamens 2 × sepals in number; erect pistils

Stem: tall gray-brown stems, often branch near their base, stems hold large terminal rosettes.

This plant was found before the entrance section of the Botanical Garden.

 

Narrative: 

I went to botanical garden on Tuesday( 2/20) as a make up for lab since I could not make it to Baltimore Canyon. I got to the the garden around 2:20 pm. The weather was a little windy and there were many colorful flowers in the garden. There are many different sections within the Botanical Garden that represent flowers and plants seen in various parts of the world. I went to majority of these sections and took pictures of the scenery. There was a beautiful water fountain in the middle section of this garden. The video of this fountain can be found below. After taking pictures of plants and enjoying a beautiful day at the garden, I left around 4pm.

IMG_1895-2dleqgh

 

Additional Plants seen:

Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Plant name: Magnolia campbellii

 

Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Rhododendron
Common name: Phyllis Korn

 

 

 

 

Hello world!

Welcome to your brand new blog at University of San Francisco Sites.

To get started, simply log in, edit or delete this post and check out all the other options available to you.

For assistance, visit our comprehensive support site, check out our Edublogs User Guide guide or stop by The Edublogs Forums to chat with other edubloggers.

You can also subscribe to our brilliant free publication, The Edublogger, which is jammed with helpful tips, ideas and more.