The question at hand is what stereotypes and social norms are revolving around manual labor and blue-collar work. Being the victim of stereotypes when working in manual labor is extremely common and is usually deemed socially acceptable. However, what most don’t realize is that these stereotypes and social norms that are deemed acceptable actually impact workers in several harmful ways. The first being that it affects their performance at work. A study was done by Jennifer Flanagan and Raymond Green from Texas A&M University(2011) to prove this statement. They determined that there is something known as a stereotype threat which can impact the productivity of workers. According to the study,

” Stereotype threat is ultimately the presence or perception of a stereotype. Stereotype threat concludes that not only is there a stereotype present, but that there is a fear that one’s behavior will confirm a stereotype of a group that one identifies with is something more and has different consequences. It is the threatening feeling that arises when self-stereotypes are activated and that the activation of such stereotypes, as theorized, can lead to poor performance.”(p.113)

Now taking this knowledge into consideration, how do you think this would affect you if the sides were reversed? People have to love with this stereotype threat looming over them on a day to day basis, and it’s completely harming not only the workers but society as a whole. The fact that our society condones and approves that such behavior and way of thinking is appropriate is a testament to how cruel humans can be to one another. Moreover, the fact that these workers are used to and expect such treatment, according to the definition, is terrible.


April 27th Free Writing Session:

First and foremost I wanted to address the question itself before choosing a topic to write about. Personally, I find this question, in particular, to be fairly difficult to answer because of how broad and open-ended it is. When comes to writing topics about social class and similar types of issue, it’s generally better to have a more specified question or topic to address since we have a focal point to base or paper off of. However in this case, since its so open-ended and there are so points of view you can address this issue from that it seems very daunting.

However, since I enjoy discussing these issues I have some points I would like to address regarding stereotypes and social norms revolving around manual labor and blue collar work. For this paper, I going to attempt to incorporate extensive research as well as a plethora of personal experience to enhance the main points and the research that will be used. I would also like to include possible solutions and counter perspectives to further prove my point as well as to ensure that my argument and logic is sound.

After re-reading the prompt numerous times paying close attention to the grading rubric, I have determined that I will use the rubric as a sort of general outline or checklist for my paper. For this paper, I need to focus heavily on my body paragraphs as well as my APA citations since those are the sections that are worth the most in terms of overall points.




Organizational Outline:

(Things to remember for this paper: Do extensive research)

Intro: Start with quote commenting on stereotypes and social norms towards manual labor and blue-collar work. Include thesis statement: (Insert thesis statement here).

(Since I haven’t done research yet it’s hard to say how many body paragraphs I’m going to need to fully develop my main points. However, based on the prompt requiring us to have close to 5 double-spaced pages, I can approximate I will need around 4 body paragraphs to include my research, main points, arguments, solutions, and counter-arguments.





Conc: Sum up all points made during the body paragraph and make sure to re-iterate your thesis statement and how you proved or backed it up throughout your paper. (Make sure not to bring up any new ideas)

Remember to pay close attention to the body paragraphs and source citation in this paper. They are the sections that are worth the most points according to the grading rubric being 80 and 40. To ensure this I must keep very good track of my sources and my research as well as re-read the files and sections discussing how to use in-text APA citation as well as how to use APA formatting in general. I also have to make sure that I have plenty of research to ensure that my body paragraphs meet the requirements of the grading rubric.




Idea comparison on communities:

Hometown: San Francisco

San Francisco, as well as the bay area, has a major homelessness crisis that has been going on for quite some time and only seems to be growing and expanding over the past year or so. And while some might forget that this is happening due to the area they live in, this is a reality that is affecting everyone in the bay.

According to a UN expert in homeless, “In San Francisco, about 7,500 people are homeless according to the last count, but this number is elusive and some believe the number is between 10,000 and 12,000.”

TO have that many people be homeless in one of the wealthiest states in the U.S and for it to be happening for so long is honestly disheartening. To tie it back to “Home and Hope” by Matthew Desmond, I can certainly say without a doubt that San Francisco has lost it’s sense of community and has turned to an individualistic style of living. You can notice this when simply walking around the city. No one is interested in helping one another, we ignore the homeless as if they were ghosts, we simply don’t care about the place we live in anymore. Everyone is so focused on the “Me, Myself, and I” mentality that they can’t take their heads out of the sand and realize how this affecting everyone. Small things like please, thank you, and you’re welcome seem to be lost amongst San Franciscans.

If that doesn’t hurt you from a moral standpoint maybe this will change your mind. Not only is this harming everyone living in the city, but this issue is affecting the city itself and affecting its future because of how it’s impacting business in and around the bay area.

Important links:






March 28 2018

Lowell High School: https://www.usnews.com/education/best-high-schools/california/districts/san-francisco-unified-school-district/lowell-high-school-3259

  • Ranked 59th in the nation, Lowell High School offers a curriculum focusing on honors and AP courses.  They offer a variety of foreign languages as well as athletic teams.
  • Lowell High School is in the same school district as Mission High School, yet scores and rankings are very different.  Within the San Francisco school district Lowell scored the highest in English and Mathematics Proficiency while Mission scored among the lower end of high schools in the district.  
  • Students score well above 90% in College Readiness Index, AP test, AP passed, Mathematics and English proficiency, while Mission High school scored much lower in all factors.


Oxford Academy:


Oxford Academy is a high school that is located in Cypress, CA. The school requires you to take at least four AP exams throughout your four years of attending to the school. The school has different areas of studies that the students focus on. At the end of their sophomore year, the school requires students to choose between a business track or a health and science tract for the remainder of their schooling. They are ranked nationally as the top twelfth high school in the nation. I noticed that the way these schools are being ranked are by the percentage of AP tests their students take, how much they pass, and graduation rate.     


Reflect in brief on the status of your own school in relation to both of these schools:




Since I went to a high school that’s not in the United States I’m not able to give an exact comparison in terms of rank compared to the schools chosen above. However, I can discuss what all three of the schools deem important to the future of it’s students. As mentioned above both of these top ranking high schools require their students to take an excess amount of standardized tests, whereas the high school I went to only required you to take one test of either SAT or ACT to graduate. My highschool also offered the International Baccalaureate program which allows it’s students to have a taste of what college level studying and academics. This approach focuses more on preparing it’s students for life after high school instead of solely focusing on a number for the sake of passing.

March 26 2018

Critiquing Education:

I believe that all three of these factors have affected my individual learning experience, however, the one that has affected me most would have to be class. For around half my life now my family has been very poor. And general it is very hard to afford things, especially higher education. For example, this school is around 64 to 66 thousand dollars a year, to a family who barely has anything and has to live paycheck to paycheck this number is very daunting. Ever since I’ve returned from Venezuela and in my two and half years I’ve been back in San Francisco, because of the experiences I’ve had I learned to notice classes in this school. When I first came here and still a bit to this day at times I feel a bit ashamed or a bit envious that some people have such an excess of income that they don’t know what to do with it and decide to waste it and to me that’s infuriating. I constantly hear people talking and complaining about the most superficial topics which at times honestly makes me feel disgusted. Because of this rift that is present between classes at least between myself and others, I’ve had a very poor experience with my education so far. It’s almost as if because of my status, my values,  believes and story that I’ve been ostracised or alienated because I simply have a very difficult time connecting to superficiality and I refuse to succumb to its infection because that’s what it has become. superficiality, the need to fit in with the wealthy has spread across the glove like a disease and it’s especially prominent in large and wealthy cities like San Francisco.



I believe Wikipedia, to be an extremely useful website that should be used when doing any sort of research, however, you should never use Wikipedia as a source. The reason why is because most of the information on the website was written by an anonymous source with potentially no background on the subject. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t use Wikipedia to find sources. Instead of using Wikipedia as a source, you can go the reference list of a page and use those sources. Those sources that are listed in the reference list tend to be more trustworthy and credible. I think Wikipedia should be used at the beginning of doing research because the pages give a general overview of the topic which is very helpful when you’re trying to organize your research.

The topic I chose to do some research on is Capital punishment also known as the death penalty. I believe the death penalty shouldn’t be used in general for a few reasons. The main reason being that in my opinion, the death penalty in a way is ‘taking the easy way out’ because the criminals aren’t really serving their time for the crimes they have done. To me, I think keeping criminals alive and making them serve their sentence is much more rewarding than having a criminal die because when they’re alive you know they are suffering, not as much as the victim or the families of victims but suffering none the less. I think after having done some research on Wikipedia, that we must take this information with a grain of salt.


-The first source that was Washington Post which explained why college rankings shouldn’t matter anymore. The author goes onto explaining how schools are ranked in a constantly changing system. For example, the author mentions that in 2013 the way school was graded was based on “the weight of output measures that signal how well a school educates its students. However, most people exactly know what kind of information or misinterpret the rankings themselves. Moreover, not that the ranking itself doesn’t directly rank the quality of the education.

– The second source used was an article done by Huffington Post. This article touches on the pros and cons of college rankings in general. To point out the major con the author brings up is that all college rankings have different priorities in mind when performing calculations to rank the schools. For example, as stated by the author the tier list done by U.S News uses alumni giving rate as 5% of its calculation, while the tier list done by Forbes takes career success heavily into account. So the ranking systems themselves are flawed because they don’t only focus on the quality of education but are warped by slight variations depending on where you get your source.


Puri, I. (2016, November 17). How Much Do College Rankings Matter? Retrieved March 05, 2018, from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/how-much-do-college-rankings-matter_us_582e00b8e4b08c963e343c31

Strauss, V. (2013, September 10). Why U.S. News college rankings shouldn’t matter to anyone. Retrieved March 05, 2018, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/answer-sheet/wp/2013/09/10/why-u-s-news-college-rankings-shouldnt-matter-to-anyone/?utm_term=.6bea8ad2c7e9


February 23 2017

Group Members: Jenna, Cooper, Alejandro

Plagiarism Activity:

  1. No, because it’s common knowledge
  2. Yes, she assumed she didn’t have to cite a source because everyone in her class was using the same source when the situation is still necessary.
  3.  No, because she discussed the matter with the teacher beforehand and got his approval.<——WRONG. Yes, because it’s a sperate document even if it’s your own work and even if you got a teachers approval you still need to site.
  4. Yes, anything that sounds that like it’s from the internet is most likely from the internet so double check all your sources.
  5. Yes, you still need to site paraphrasing because you are still using someone else’s idea.

February 21 2018

The only situation where I would consider myself being tokenized is a frequent situation that happened when I was living in Venezuela.  In my high school, I was the only American student amongst my classmates which were mostly Venezuelan people. Moreover, due to the countries brainwashing,  people believed that the U.S is the cause of all the strife in Venezuelan. So there were a few students who would constantly pick or bully me because I was American because they thought I deserved to feel bad for what was going on in Venezuela.

The question of first impressions or judgment based on appearance is a very interesting one to answer. For me, the first that comes to my head is that people are assuming my race. That I’m your typical white American man when in reality I’m a Venezuelan.  However as much as we complain at the end of the day, we all are silently judging others only on looks and superficial details. The reason why that is is that from a young age we are taught stereotypes and taught how to categorize or group people based on superficial details.