21st October

Identify 3 key features of the assignment that seem to be specific to a video essay?

-To inform the audience about the specific subject, Using a software, Analyze sources to support the project.

The main 3 requirements that this essay asks for?

  • The essay should be about 3-4 minutes long.
  • Include Music, still images, videos and pictures.
  • Should include Editing (audacity, Imovie)
  • Ask a Professor of that particular field.

16th September (Kaashvi, Ivan, Jayesh)

1. My dog is not only friendly but also playful.
My dog is not only friendly but also playful.
2. We can go to the park or dancing in the classroom.
We can go to the park or dance in the classroom.
3. Jeremy likes to read historical, realistically and speculative fiction.

Jeremy likes to read historical, realistic and speculative fiction.
4. When I went to the bar, I want to dance, drinking and punch on the rowdy faces.
When I went to the bar, I wanted to dance, drink and punch the rowdy faces.
5. Buying a car is not a decision to take lightly nor be careless about.
Buying a car is not a decision to take lightly nor to be careless about.
6. Tyler is for the legalization, not criminalization of marijuana.
Tyler is for the legalization, not criminalization of marijuana.

7. Sally needs a new stove, dishwasher and knives for her kitchen.
Sally needs a new stove, dishwasher and knives for her kitchen.
8. My first grade teacher taught me how to write, how to read and play tic-tac-toe.
My first grade teacher taught me how to write, read and play tic-tac-toe
9. She will not admit it, nor will she be apologizing.
She will not admit it, nor will she apologize.
10. The whole wheat pasta is better than enriched wheat pasta.
The whole wheat pasta is better than the enriched wheat pasta.
11. Literature classes teach students to analyze texts, thinking critically, and improve writing.
Literature classes teach students to analyze texts, think critically, and improve writing.
12. Beets are just as nutrient rich as rutabagas even though they are not in season.
Beets are just as nutrient rich as rutabagas even though they are not in season.
13. Drunk drivers are thoughtlessly taking the lives of other people in their own hands, risk their own lives, thinking only about their own pleasure and fun, and not consider the consequences of
their actions.
Drunk drivers are thoughtlessly taking the lives of other people in their own hands, risking their own lives, thinking only about their own pleasure and fun, and not considering the consequences of their actions.
14. In order to convey the information correctly, the police officer spoke loudly to the crowd, tell people where they should stand, repeated the information to help people remember, and gesture.
In order to convey the information correctly, the police officer spoke loudly to the crowd, told people where they should stand, he repeated the information to help people remember the gesture.

30th Sept- Kaashvi, Heather, Maurica

A. Directions: Read the following scenarios and decide whether it is a case of plagiarism or not. (Y or N) and explain why.

__No___ 1. Kyoko needs to write a report on American politics. She looks up Barack Obama in Wikipedia and discovers he is the 44th president of the United States. She includes this information in her report but doesn’t mention Wikipedia.

-She uses information from wikipedia but just common knowledge.

___Yes__2. Tam is writing a paper on a novel for his English class. Since the whole class is reading the same book, he doesn’t need to use a citation.

– Because he is writing a paper on the novel and he needs to give credit to the author.

_Yes___3. Sugi wrote a paper for his European history class last semester and got an A on the paper. This semester, his Political Science class is addressing some of the same issues that are in his History paper. He checks with his professor first who agrees with Sugi, so he uses the material from his History paper.

-He needs to cite his own work, even if it is his own. He needs to cite the previous paper.

__Yes__4. Ramiro, Stephan, April, and Chris are working on a group project. Chris submits his work and the others suspect that some of it came from the Internet, but it sounds good, so they submit it.

-They should check it before submitting.

___Yes__5. Maria finds a lot of good information for her paper on the Internet. She carefully changes the wording and prepares a good paraphrase. She doesn’t copy anything verbatim.

-Even after paraphrasing you have to cite the work.

B. Directions: Decide whether the information described in each scenario will require
citation of the source (Y or N) and explain why.

___No__1. You clearly identify the source at the beginning of a paragraph that summarizes the
author’s ideas about teenage drinking. Since readers will naturally assume all of the ideas in
the paragraph are from the source, no additional citation is necessary.

-Credits are given to thee author at the beginning.

___No__2. In your paper on the history of aviation you state the date of the Wright brothers’ first
successful flight at Kitty Hawk.

-Just the Fact(date) is being used.

__Yes___3. In a paper on the civil rights movement you find some general, well-known background
information in an encyclopedia. It is obviously common knowledge, so you copy the
information and include it in your paper.

-As it is taken down from the INTERNET, you have ton cite it.

_No____4. You ask your mother about the steps she went through in obtaining a bank load for a
new car. You include this information in your paper.

-it is just a primary information.

__No___5. You skim a 325-page book entitled Using the Internet. A major theme throughout the
book is that the Internet is an important technological achievement. You include this in your

-You have read the book thoroughly and you are reflecting upon it.

___Yes_6. You find an article that takes the same position you have taken on the subject of gun
control. To save time you summarize in your paper a portion of the argument from the article,
since the author’s ideas are identical to your own.

–  The idea comes from a different source, you must cite it.



Sept 25th. Library Research

Topic- The role of language and culture in American Indian education.

In 2001, an act “NCLB” was passed by the states. The main aim of this act was to close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind. To close the gap between American-Indians and the other minorities in the states. The education provided in English leads to attack the identity and lead to cultural disintegration because the children forget their own culture. This is an example of a school which didn’t have English as their first language. The parents had something to say about it- “the values that [are] taught through the language”. “I just think that some of the things that they learn in that school, they’ll never learn in an English school. The culture, the respect …. I think it’s gonna have some kind of impact with them as they grow up” (Luning & Yamauchi, 2010, p. 54). Indigenous language is native to a region and spoken by indigenous people. The people who supported these indigenous knowledge schools had their claims- “The main goal of western education is to gain knowledge and skills, but not to create a balanced life and good humans”. Even the Mexican-American immigrant parent had views on the education. They want their children to be well-behaved and grades don’t really matter in front of the values they have.


Reyhner, J (2017), The role of language and culture in American Indian education.

Reyhner, Cogent Education (2017),

Sept 23: American Idioms

Stick out one’s neck— How come they’re asking me to act as their guide through the jungle?Evidently they think you’re the only one who can lead them to the lost temple. That jungle has danger lurking around every corner. Why should I stick my neck out for them? They didn’t pay me for my services. They know that you would be taking a great risk and could possibly get hurt, but you’re the only one with enough knowledge to take them to their destination. I’m sure you’ll be amply rewarded.

Play It by Ear-

Let’s go to the movies, agreed? Sure. And what’ll we do after that ? Oh, I don’t know. Let’s play it by ear. Well, I would like to have a more definite plan of action. Don’t be like that. It’s always more fun not knowing what to expect and deciding what to do as we go along.

A blind alley–

An alley is a narrow street between buildings. One that is “blind” has no exit. It is enclosed on three sides. Idiomatically, however, a blind alley refers to a situation or physical activity that leads nowhere. “I’ve got to change jobs. The one I have is truly a blind alley,” Ezra complained.

Nurse a grudge–

A grudge is a feeling of ill will or resentment. A person who refuses to stop thinking about something — or someone — that has caused him or her unhappiness or pain is said to nurse a grudge. “Mr. Grundy is furious. He’ll nurse a grudge against the person who caused him his injuries for years to come.”

Labor of love–

We do most jobs because we have to. Those that give us the greatest satisfaction, though, are those we do purely for pleasure. Such a job is called a labor of love. “It took me days to make this,” Martin smiled, “but what does that matter ? For me it has been a labor of love.”

Bone-Idle –extremely lazy

23rd Sept- Jayesh, Kaashvi and Omar

The author talks about the different aspects of being multiethnic. How the immigrant kids feel in the society. Multi-ethnic identity is a topic which is not really spoken about and is just accepted but the society. The narrator felt isolated because she couldn’t choose one culture over the other. She talks about the choices she had to make between the food- American or Vietnamese and how she accepted that she is a multiethnic, and now this is a “real” identity.

Jayesh- Being an American Indian, I have faced problems with my native language and the people back home.

Omar- Being a Mexican-American, a problem I faced was having difficulties adapting to the food and trying new things I did not know about because I was only comfortable with having food that I knew what It was mainly Mexican dishes.

Kaashvi –  My cousin has an Indian passport and an American passport. She talks in her mother’s native language and also Indian languages along with English. “Originally” by carol Ann Duffy.

20th september

O sanam- Lucky ali (Hindi song, India)

Lyrics in Hindi

शाम सवेरे तेरी यादें आती हैं
आके दिल को मेरे यूँ तड़पाती हैं
ओ सनम मोहब्बत की कसम
मिलके बिछड़ना तो दस्तूर हो गया
यादों में तेरी मैं जो दूर हो गया
ओ सनम तेरी यादों की कसम

समझे ज़माना के दिल है खिलौना
जाना है अब क्या है दिल का लगाना
नज़रों से ना यूँ हमको गिराना
मर भी गए तो भूल न जाना
आँखों में बसी हो पर दूर हो कहीं
दिल के करीब हो ये मुझको है यकीं
ओ सनम तेरे प्यार की कसम

Lyrics in English

Shaam Sawere Teri Yaadein Aati Hain,
Aa Ke Dil Ko Mere Yun Tarpati Hain
O Sanam Mohabbat Ki Kasam…

Mil Ke Bichhurana Toh Dastoor Ho Gaya,
Yaadoein Mein Teri Mazboor Ho Gaya,
O Sanam Teri Yaadoein Ki Kasam…

Samjhe Zamana Ki Dil Hai Khilona,
Jana Hai Ab Kya Hai Dil Ka Lagana,
Nazaro Se Ab Na Humkon Girana,
Mar Bhi Gaye Toh Bhool Na Jana.

Aakhoein Mein Basi Ho Par Door Ho Kahin,
Dil Ke Kareeb Ho Ye Mujhako Hai Yanki,
O Sanam Tere Pyaar Ki Kasam…

Translated to english

Your memories come in the evening
My heart aches like this
O Sanam Mohabbat ki Kasam
Got separated when we got together
In your memories i am away
O sanam swear your memories

Understand the world is a toy
Want to know what is the heart
Don’t fall for me
Even if you die don’t forget
Settled in eyes but far away
I am sure that you are close to heart
O sanam tere pyaar ki kasam

Many Parts of the song lyrics have changed when I translated it from Hindi to English. The first line itself ” शाम सवेरे तेरी यादें आती हैं” this means that the singer thinks and misses the person during the morning and evening. But when translated to english it became “your memories come in the evening” changing the meaning of the lyrics. These lines “समझे ज़माना के दिल है खिलौना” mean that the era thinks the heart to be like a toy and when translated to english it says “Understand the world is a toy”.





9/16 language learning

On this planet, there are more than 6800 languages spoken around the world. Languages are influenced by the culture, community and the nationality. Amy tan, the American writer talked about her mother’s broken English in “Mother tongue”. I come from India, the most culturally diversified nation. In India, there are 22 languages that are spoken throughout the country. The main being Hindi and English. Fun fact- India doesn’t have a national language. I am fluent with Hindi which is the most common spoken language. My mother tongue is Punjabi and I can converse in that as well because my family discussions are usually in this language. While growing up, I have been surrounded by People who communicate in Hindi. But when I went to Bangalore which is the southern part of India for my high school, it was difficult for me to communicate with the helping hands and the locals there as their language is Kannada. I used to get blank expressions from people when I made a conversation. I tried learning the basic words in kannada so that I could make a conversation. So, after 2 years I can communicate in kannada a bit. I think people should talk in sign languages when they don’t understand what the other person is saying. Language barriers are not only country wise but also state wise. People prefer to talk in their mother tongue and the language they have been taught while growing up. But learning English is a must in this era so that people have a common language to communicate.



9/9 Writing

I chose to listen to a podcast by Ankita Arora which is about the pieces from many different cultures. While growing up Ankita has lived in different countries and faced cultural problems. Ankita lived in India, Thailand, Mexico and America. She talks about the cultural differences she has observed over the years, the problems she has faced with the different languages- Hindi, Spanish and English. Living far away from her native place “India” made her forget about Hindi. She and her sister often converse in English and that’s why their Hindi is weak. She says that it’s not hard to be friends with people from different cultures because one should learn new cultures but to maintain that friendship is a bit tough. Making new friends at a different place is a really tough task. For Ankita when she moved to Mexico, everyone spoke in Spanish and she was just a lot soul there. After a while, she moved to America and now is Americanized because she has lived here the longest.

I think this will help me with my audio literacy project as I am going to talk about my trips to Japan and Switzerland. The cultural differences and the language barriers in these places.

6th september

I read Yijie Wangs response on racial identity. Both of us are international students and we tried to reflect back on our cultures.. He has talked about Culture confidence about China. In china, they believe in a traditional story about the human origin. The origin of China shows that the main characters are yellow people, such as Huangdi (Yellow Emperor) and Yandi (Red Emperor). Indians also have been following the traditional story of the Caste system. The Hindus of India were divided into 4 castes- Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. There is racial identity crises and Cultural issues all over the world.

Reflecting upon Maurica Youngs response, I completely agree that People should not continue their bias based on past history. Who knows if the history is true? May be it’s just a story for the world. We have formed our opinions on based of the history and the stories that we have been listening to and thats why everyone has a different perspective.

I would still say that racial identity is a serious issue in this modern era.